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Body weight could offer early diabetes prediction before pregnancy

Fri, 27 May 2011

Research carried out in the United States has revealed that measuring blood sugar and body weight up to seven years before a pregnancy could predict a women’s risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) at an earlier stage than currently. The research may offer a greater understanding of pre-pregnancy predictors of GDM, as well as a means to provide intervention for GDM and associated risks.

The study, at the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland, California and published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, monitored women who had a subsequent pregnancy as compared with those who developed GDM during pregnancy and women not suffering from GDM.

It was shown that the chances of developing GDM got higher in relation to the number of adverse risk factors that are usually linked to diabetes and heart disease, such as heightened levels of blood sugar, hypertension and being overweight that were exhibited prior to pregnancy.

Monique Hedderson, lead investigator on the study, stated "Our study indicates that a woman's cardio-metabolic risk profile for factors routinely assessed at medical visits such as blood sugar, high blood pressure, cholesterol and body weight can help clinicians identify high-risk women to target for primary prevention or early management of GDM."
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